Columbus Ohio History
Indeed, Columbus is one of America's best cities, and has something for everyone, from its thriving economy to its vibrant arts and entertainment scene. In 2012, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked Columbus as the highest rated city in Ohio, and in 2016 Money Magazine named Columbus the top six best city to live in the United States for the first time in its history. There is even a statue of the famous long-living gorilla in downtown Columbus, as well as a museum of Columbus' history.
With more than 2 million inhabitants in the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is one of the most populous cities in Ohio and thus the second largest city in America, behind New York City. Few cities have started so successfully as Columbus, which was built specifically for the Ohio State Legislature and was destined to become the state's capital. Today, Columbus is home to Ohio State University, the University of Ohio and the Buckeye State Convention Center.
After Ohio gained statehood in 1803, political infighting between prominent Ohio leaders led to the state's capital being moved from Chillicothe to Zanesville and back to Chillicsothe. Although there is no official record of what leaked out at this meeting, it was recommended that the city be called Columbus instead of Ohio City when the group met at the Ohio State Capitol on July 22, 1804. It is known that no decision was made at this meeting, but it was recommended to call the new city Columbus, not Ohio City. By 19-22 votes, the Ohio Legislature decided not to name the latest city in Ohio City and instead to take the name Columbus.
Columbus was not the original capital, but the state legislature decided to move the government from Chillicothe to Zanesville for a short period, and in 1816 it was moved to the city of Chillicothe. In 1797, Franklinton, now a neighborhood of Columbus, was founded and became one of the first cities in the United States to have its own town hall. Later it merged with Columbus and was the site of its first public library, made possible by the construction of its first horse-drawn tram, which was put into operation in 1863.
In 1836, the national road was extended from Cumberland, Maryland, to Columbus and in the following years finally extended to Illinois. In 1834, a new railway line was built from Columbus to Cincinnati, and from there to New York City, and then on to Washington, D.C., and finally to Chicago and the rest of the US East Coast, from where it stretched as far as the Ohio River and finally to Ohio City, Ohio, then to Cleveland and Columbus.
Columbus grew considerably and had grown into the largest city in Ohio in terms of land area and population by the early 1990s, becoming the second largest metropolis in the United States after New York City.
In 1831, the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canals, which connected Columbus to the rest of Ohio and New York City, brought new prosperity, which was reinforced when the National Road reached Columbus in 1836. In 1835, the Columbus City Council passed a resolution that began construction of a new City Hall, public library and city park, with the goal of making Columbus the first city of its kind in the United States. Because Columbus was in the middle of Ohio and further from the river, the inhabitants of this city found an opportunity to help.
The city was the capital of the state of New York, and the city was the capital of the United States. The Ohio Pen was decommissioned in 1984 and sold by Ohio State to the city of Columbus in 1995, and then again by Ohio State University in 2000.
Columbus owes its founding and first expansion to speculators and politicians, as many cities were founded by settlers looking for better opportunities. Columbus began as an early pioneer gathering for support and began to develop into a master-planned community in the Columbus, Ohio region, which now covers more than 3,500 square miles.
The sister parks add a lot of public parking space to the core of downtown Columbus, although they are not geographically connected to the Columbus Commons, which opened a little earlier, on May 26. The Central Ohio Park System provides information about Metro parks in Central Ohio. Also interesting is the Columbus Public Library, which is a 15-minute walk from the city center, and the Ohio State University campus is within a 15-minute walk.
They keep a collection of files and maps that cover various subjects and people related to Columbus and Ohio history. The Ohio Historical Society's "How to Complete Columbus History" page on the Columbus Public Library website contains information on identifying building styles and types in Ohio.
This satellite image shows Columbus, the county seat of Franklin County, in a state bordering Lake Erie in the northeastern United States. This map of Ohio Country shows the sites of battles and massacres that surrounded the area that was to become Ohio between 1775 and 1794.